Geometry In The Garden

In addition to being a fundamental branch of mathematics, geometry has been the muse of other design disciplines such as art or architecture. As part of earth development, modern and functional outdoor spaces with a contemporary design are built. To create these minimalist gardens, we use geometry as one of the primary sources of inspiration.

How To Apply Geometry In Garden Design?

It consists of applying specific shapes and playing with textures, volumes, colors, and materials. Mixing all these elements in an orderly way, we manage to delimit the garden areas creating a personal and unique design.

What Should We Take Into Account When Designing Our Garden?

There are a series of principles that we must comply with to achieve an excellent geometric design for our garden.


It is essential in small outdoor spaces. With a careful study of harmony, we can order our elements through repetition and succession to create rhythm in our garden. In this way, we can have a clean composition of the elements in the landscape.


The landscape must be understood as a unit, as a whole. Gardens must have a dominant element in the outer space, be it vegetation such as trees or striking shrubs or architectural features such as a fountain. Then we can introduce new elements that accentuate the interest of the viewer without drawing too much attention. You have to study well where they are located to avoid an excess of information.


We do not need everything to be arranged linearly, but we achieve a balance by combining colors, textures, and positions. Although the elements are arranged asymmetrically, we can highlight what they have in common is a harmonious way.


There must be a correct relationship between the object and the parts of the whole. Through the scale, we will be able to work the dimensions to visualize the proportion.

Before starting the work, we recommend making a sample of how our garden will be after the reform. A 3D design program is recommended; thus, perspectives, distribution, and zoning can be managed, with a very accurate visualization of the design scales and proportion.

Geometric Gardens

As we have seen, we can make geometric gardens more explicitly using vegetal or architectural elements with geometric shapes and take good care of the distribution of spaces in a simple, proportionate, and harmonious way. Here are some examples that show that garden design is closely related to mathematics and geometry.

If there is someone who successfully combined the world of gardening and mathematics, it was André le Nôtre with the Gardens of Versailles. Le Nôtre mastered symmetry, and in his works, the play with perspective and optical illusions is appreciated.